Ferdinand I Tsar Version Meritorious Medals

Story of the Kingdom of Bulgaria Meritorious Medal  (3) - Ferdinand I Tsar Version


On August 2, 1908, the Turkish Foreign Minister held a luncheon at home and did not invite the Bulgarian diplomatic representative in Constantinople. So Bulgaria used this "insult event" to recall the diplomatic representatives and set out to declare independence. A secret visit to Vienna's Ferdinand Grand Duke returned to China on September 22, 1908, at the ruins of the Bulgarian Second Kingdom Palace in the ancient capital of Tarnovo. The following day, Austria announced the annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

After Bulgaria declared its independence, in order to prevent the Turkish attack, it immediately began to assemble troops on the border of the soil. The Turks also took the same action, and the atmosphere became increasingly tense. The war broke out only on the eve of the war. Finally, Russia came forward to mediate and agreed to waive the Turkish claims for the 1878 war. In exchange, Turkey also gave up its claim for Bulgaria and acknowledged Bulgaria’s independence.

In order to reward his heroism in this incident, Ferdinand added the annual number of the Grand Duke from 1 million Lev to 1.2 million. Then, he solemnly declared in the National Assembly that Bulgaria is no longer a duchy. He himself is no longer a shameful grandfather, but a "Tsar of all Bulgarians." The third kingdom of Bulgaria was born.

Ferdinand Tsar

Ferdinand Tsar

It is obvious that the Grand Crown can no longer be adapted to the changes of the times, so it is necessary to make changes, and the Sha Crown is on the scene.

The surrounding text has become "ФЕРДИНАНДЪ ЦАРЬНАББЛЛАНИТѢ". This version of the Gold Medal already has known examples of known bronze and silver, but the existence of real gold is still controversial.

Three levels of the sand crown version medal

Three levels of the sand crown version

T7, this is also the most familiar version of the Ferdinand Tsar, which belongs to his middle-aged image, with a twisted beard and pointed tip. The engraver of this edition is Paul Telge. At the same time, in 1913, with the approval of the Military Commission, brave stagnation was added, and the Merit Medal was also rewarded during the war. This version was mainly awarded at 1908-1918.

Ferdinand Tsar during World War I

Ferdinand Tsar during World War I

front face of medal of honor

Why did Ferdinan cling to the replacement of the avatar, except for his personal love and vanity. Another point is to strengthen the people's understanding of this king. As early as in the Middle Ages, many peasants who were declared loyal to their lives did not know what their kings looked like in their lifetime. Although the time has entered the 20th century, in many places in Bulgaria at that time, it was still unreasonable, communication was poor, and it was not a way to strengthen the identification of the subjects by changing the avatar.