The Story of the Bulgarian Kingdom Medal of honor (1)
In accordance with the relevant provisions of the Treaty of San Stefano, in 1879 the Bulgarian Grand National Assembly held a meeting in Telovo to elect Prince Alexander of the German Battenberg family as the Grand Duke. Alexander then left the Potsdam defending forces he was serving, starting from Berlin, passing through Crimea (where he listened to the Tsar's teachings) and Constantinople (where he met the future sovereign Ottoman Sultan) in Varna. The port boarded the land of Bulgaria.
Alexander Dagong is also very noble in terms of bloodlines. He is the relative of the Russian empress Maria, and his ancestors are close relatives of the German Hessen elections. However, Dagong’s personality is very special. His radical policies in China are not compatible with Russia and the Parliament. This is very different from his successor Ferdinand.
However, on November 11, 1881, Dagong officially ordered the establishment of merit medals and medals for people who have contributed to Bulgaria in various fields at home and abroad. But at some of the previous European royal hospitality banquets, medals have been awarded to some foreigners. The front of the medal is a portrait of the monarch's side face, surrounded by leaves and bay leaves and accompanied by the words "ЗА ЗАСЛУГА" (for merit). In the sling design, the Merit Medal is in line with another famous Alexander Medal in Bulgaria, which uses a wine red sling.
The medals are divided into three levels according to the regulations, gold, silver, and bronze; this setting has not changed until 1946. The gold ranks only a very small number of people in Bulgarian history, the silver ranks officers and senior civil servants, and the bronze ranks grants non-commissioned officers, soldiers, clerks, and junior civil servants. The Bulgarian Prime Minister's Office stipulates that a person who is awarded a gold class must be a person who first obtains a Grand Cross or a first-class medal. Such strict regulations have made only 69 people in the history of the Kingdom of Bulgaria to receive this honor, but the specific list has been drowned in the long history. Until now, there is no authoritative information indicating how many gold grades were awarded to Bulgarians or It is a foreigner.
It is worth mentioning that the gold medals mentioned here do not mean that the material is gold. Most of the gold medals currently found are only silver-plated or gold-plated. Most of the members of the royal family were made of gold, but this only accounted for a small percentage of all 69.
The first edition of the Alexander Meritorious Medal is the least in the version. The Alexander's side face of this period has no beard and the frontal text is "АЛЕКСАНДРЪI.КНЯЗЬНАББЛИНИЯ" (Alexander I). This version was only issued between 1881 and 1883, and was soon replaced by the second version of the person's head. The engraver of this version of the avatar is K. Schwenzer.
Alexander Dagong side face can be seen as a clear difference.
The second edition of the Alexander Meritorious Medal uses a new side face, adds a beard, eyes more melancholy (fog), and a positive face that is more prominent. The surrounding text is also "АЛЕКСАНДРЪI.КНЯЗЬНАББЛИНРРИЯ"
But the second version is also rare compared to the first version. The copper version of this version is different from other versions. It has a bright and dark bronze version. The neck and neck of the chapter will be accompanied by a small signature "SCHWENZER". The version has been used until August 20, 1886, when Alexander I abdicated.
An Alexander I Gold Medal in the original box